Kincaid Family papers, 1865-1913

Collection Information

Kincaid Family papers, 1865-1913


Kincaid, William, 1841-1897.

Kincaid, Martha Chapman, 1843-1913.


1865-1976, bulk 1867-1896


1 document case (0.25 cubic feet)

Collection ID #:


Conditions Governing Access:

Access to this collection is unrestricted and open to the public.

Copyright: Preferred Citation:

[Identification of item], in the Kincaid Family papers, MS5058. The Congregational Library & Archives, Boston, MA.



Processing information:

Processed by Elyse Edwards, December 2013, using DACS Second Edition.


William Kincaid was a Congregational minister and Secretary for the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the American Home Missionary Society.  This collection includes papers and historical items pertaining to his career and the memorial of his wife Martha Chapman.

Acquisition Information:

Collection donated to the Congregational Library & Archives, November 2012.

Historical Note

William Kincaid (1841-1897) was born in London, England on March 8, 1841. When he was a small boy, his family moved to Glenwood, New York and became members of the local Congregational Church. Kincaid attended Oberlin College, where he met and married Martha J. Chapman in 1865. In 1868 he graduated from Oberlin Theological Seminary. He was ordained at the Congregational Church in Rushville, New York, and served as minister there from 1867-1870. From Rushville, he accepted a position at the First Congregational Church and Society of Leavenworth, Kansas, where he served as minister from 1870-1876. He was then appointed the first pastor of the new Second Congregational Church at Oberlin from 1876-1882. The family then moved to New York State where he accepted a brief pastorate at the Congregational Church in Oswego, N.Y., after which he became the Secretary of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. He held that post from 1885-1888, moving on to become the Secretary of the American Home Missionary Society from 1888 until his death in 1897. He died of anemia in Brooklyn, N.Y. on February 12, 1897.

Upon his death, Martha Kincaid (1843-1913) continued his charitable work, becoming President of the Women's Home Missionary Union of New York until her death on October 5, 1913.


Scope of Collection

These personal papers include correspondence between Kincaid and various church institutions seeking his pastorate. Correspondence includes admission and dismission letters from his various posts at Rushville, Leavenworth, Oberlin, Oswego, the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions and the American Home Missionary Society. Of note is correspondence from David J. Brewer, who later became a U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Additional records include annual papers authored by Kincaid from 1889-1895 as Secretary of the American Home Missionary Society. Historical items include a program commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the Congregational Church at Rushville, pamphlets of the Congregational-Christian Club of Philadelphia, and the charter of the Congregational Home Missionary Society (formerly the American Home Missionary Society). Papers concerning the Memorial Service and passing of Martha Kincaid are also included in this collection.

Folders 4 and 8 contain photocopy surrogates that should be used in place of the original document.


Further Searches

Subject Headings

Kincaid family

Kincaid, William, 1841-1897.

Kincaid, Martha Chapman, 1843-1913.


First Congregational Church (Rushville, N.Y.)

Second Congregationalist Church (Oberlin, Ohio)

Congregational Church (Oswego, N.Y.)

American Home Missionary Society

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions


Related Materials held at the Congregational Library & Archives

Congregationalist, Records, 1872-1906 (gaps) (Rare Book Room)


By William Kincaid

Sunday, a holiday or a holy-day? : read before the General Association of Congregational Churches of New York (9.3 2030)

Temperance and the republican party (28.9.5 2502)


By Katherine Kincaid Newman and James Barnard Newman

The History of a Kincaid family (K57.8)


Related Materials held at Another Repository



The contents of this collection are arranged chronologically within folders.



  Date Box1/Folder
Correspondence 1865-1870 F1
Correspondence 1876-1888 F2
American Home Missionary Society, Executive Committee papers 1889-1895 F3
Kincaid letter of appointment to the American Home Missionary Society 1888 F4
Martha Kincaid Memorial papers 1913, undated F5
Historical items 1896-1902 F6
Correspondence, Executive Committee papers, historical items 1869, 1893-1894 F7
Letter to American Home Missionary Society from Kincaid 1888 F8


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